Samagra Shiksha - an Integrated Scheme of School Education has subsumed the three Schemes of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE). The scheme has been implemented w.e.f. 01-04-2018 and envisages the ‘school’ as a continuum from pre-school, primary, upper primary, secondary to Senior Secondary levels with the vision to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education from pre-school to senior secondary stage.
The Scheme is a major catalyst to bridge the digital divide amongst students of various socio economic and other geographical barriers. The Scheme provides support to establish computer labs on sustainable basis. It also aims to set up smart schools in Kendriya Vidyalayas and Navodaya Vidyalayas which are pace setting institutions of the Government of India to act as “Technology Demonstrators” and to lead in propagating ICT skills among students of neighbourhood schools. Based on the experience gained so far, the Scheme was revised, in July 2010.
The Scheme was launched in 2009-10 in J&K State. The scheme aims to provide quality education to talented rural children through setting up of Model Schools as benchmark of excellence at block level at the rate of one school per block. The scheme has the following objectives:
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In Hindi, 'Shala' means 'School' and 'Gunvatta' means 'Quality'. Additionally, 'Shagun' means 'good omen'. Shala Gunvatta (Shagun) Portal is a twin track approach to monitor progress of implementation of the various components while also capturing and sharing of best practices from States and UTs. The portal has two parts
The need for effective schools and improving school performance is increasingly felt in the Indian education system to provide quality education for all children. The quality initiatives in school education sector, thus, necessitate focusing on school, its performance and improvement. In a major step towards comprehensive school evaluation as central to improving quality of school education in India, National Programme on School Standards and Evaluation has been initiated by National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA), under the aegis of Union Ministry of Human Resource Development.